How are Scars formed?
When our skin suffers a wound our body elicits a healing response, which involves stimulating the growth of collagen, the repair of damages blood vessels and contraction of the epidermis. In this process, collagen is sometimes created excessively, which results in bumps or scars on the epidermis, the most superficial layer of our skin. Scar reduction treatment aims to make these bumps and scars appear as similar as possible to normal skin by releasing the excessively created collagen through the delivery of high frequency thermal energy. Treatments are not easy and sometimes may take some time, but it can significantly reduce the visibility of scars to the naked eye.
What are Acne Scars?
Acne causes inflammation to occur around specific areas of the skin. To return to a normal state and stop further inflammation the skin needs to have the proper amount of nutrients. Blood vessels proliferate to deliver these nutrients to the affected area and sometimes do this excessively, which results in reddish marks and bumps due to the regeneration of excessive collagen. When these marks and bumps are scratched or irritated, they leave scars.
How are Scars treated?
Scars can be treated in a variety of ways. One of the traditional methods is by the use of the Fraxis fractionated CO2 laser. The Fraxis is an ablative laser, radiating fractionated heat into tiny pixels that elicit a controlled thermal damage on the epidermal and upper dermal layers. This initiates the regenerative capability of the body and eventually produces new cells that give the skin a newer, fresher look. A non-ablative counterpart to the Fraxis is the Lavieen thulium 1927nm laser.
Another method is with the use of the Secret, a radiofrequency (RF) micro needling system. This method delivers heat deep into the dermis, which stimulates fibroblasts and releases excessively connected collagen fibers. Through this regeneration and rearrangement, the skin is tightened and scars are flattened greatly reducing their visibility. The Fraxis platform can combine the functions of the CO2 and Fractional RF into one amazing device.
Commonly, acne leaves hyperpigmentation (red marks) after inflammation and can last anywhere from 6 months to 2 years before it subsides. If we remove capillaries around the scars through a vascular laser like the IRIS, the time period for recovery can significantly be shortened, reducing the risk for the development of further scarring.